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REQUIREMENTS FOR SMOKE DETECTORS, CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS & FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

1 AND 2 FAMILY DWELLINGS

CLICK HERE FOR DIAGRAMS

FEES -  More Than 10 Business Days Notice - $50.00    

                   4 to 10 Business Days Notice - $75.00

                   Less than 4 Business Days Notice - $125.00

THE LAW -

NJAC 5:70 –2.3(a) States – Before any use group R-3 or R-4 (Single or 2 family) Structure is SOLD, LEASED, or otherwise made subject to CHANGE OF OCCUPANCY for residential purposes, the owner shall obtain a Certificate of Smoke Detector, Carbon Monoxide Alarm, and Portable Fire Extinguisher Compliance (CSDCMA&PFEC), evidencing compliance with NJAC 5:70-4.19

All smoke sensitive alarm devices must be located on or near the ceiling in accordance with the NFIPA Standard 74 - 184 (see below) and listed in accordance with UL 217. The smoke-sensitive alarm device shall be tested and listed by a product certification agency recognized by the Bureau of Fire Safety.

 

Household fire alarm systems installed in accordance with NFIPA 72 that include smoke alarms, or a combination of smoke detector and audible notification device installed as required by this section for smoke alarms shall be permitted. The household fire alarm system shall provide the same level of smoke detection and alarm as required by this section for smoke alarms in the event the fire alarm panel is removed or the system is not connected to a central station.

 

SMOKE DETECTORS FOR RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS - WHEN AND WHERE REQUIRED

Built Prior to 1977 - All one and two family residences must have smoke detectors located on each level of the structure (including the basement) and outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms.

Built from January 1977 - February 21, 1983. The one or two family residence was constructed with an electric (120 volt) hard wired smoke detector in the immediate vicinity of each sleeping area and in the basement. Battery powered smoke detectors can be added to meet the new requirement for each level of the structure. The smoke detector outside the sleeping area(s) and basement MUST BE ELECTRIC 120 VOLT HARD WIRED UNITS. They do not need to be interconnected.

Built from February 22, 1983 and April 30, 1993 - The one or two family residence was constructed with  electric (120 volt) hard wired multi-station smoke detectors interconnected in the immediate vicinity of each sleeping area and on each level including the basement. 

Built from May 1, 1993 and present The one or two family residence was constructed with, electric (120 volt) multi-station hard wired interconnected units with battery backup power and installed in all bedrooms, outside of each separate sleeping area, and on every level of the structure. NO EXCEPTIONS.

NOTE - Low Voltage, central alarm systems DO NOT meet the requirements of the Code.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

  • If an addition is added to the structure the entire structure is required to be upgraded to the latest code requirements in effect at the time of the new construction.
  • Ceiling mounting of smoke detectors is best.  6 Inches of clearance are required around smoke detectors for better air current and detection of smoke
  • The rules regarding a split-level dwelling allow you to eliminate a smoke detector on one level when there is a smoke detector on the level above and no intervening door between levels.
  • Do not locate battery operated smoke detectors within five (5) feet of the kitchen or bathroom.
  • Smoke detectors on the basement level must be located at the bottom of the basement stairs.
  • Smoke detectors are NOT required in crawl spaces.

ALL CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS

1. MUST be installed in all single or two family dwelling unit(s) that contain a fuel-burning device or have an attached garage.

2. Single station carbon monoxide alarms shall be installed and maintained in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping area(s).

3. Carbon monoxide alarms may be battery-operated, hard-wired or of the plug-in type and shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL-2034 and shall be installed in accordance with the requirements of NJAC5:70-4.19 and NFPA-720.

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

 

5:70-4.19 (e) At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be Installed In all one-and two-family detached dwellings upon change of occupancy. For purposes of this section. “Portable fire extinguisher’ shall mean a portable device, carried and operated by hand, containing an extinguishing agent that can be expelled under pressure for the purpose of suppressing or extinguishing fire, and which is:

1. Listed, labeled, charged and operable;

2. No smaller than a 2 ½ - pound or larger than a 10-pound rated extinguisher

3. Rated for residential use consisting of an ABC type, Rated 2A - 10BC or larger;

4. On hangers, or in brackets supplied by the manufacturer;

5. Within 10 feet of the kitchen area, unless otherwise permitted by an enforcing agency;

6. Located with the top of the extinguisher not more than five feet (1.53 meters) above the floor;

7. Visible and in a readily- accessible spot, free from blocking by furniture, storage, equipment and other items;

8. Near a room exit or travel way that provides an escape route to the exterior;

9. Accompanied by an owner’s manual or written information regarding the operation, inspection, and maintenance of the extinguisher: and

10. Installed so the operating instructions shall be clearly visible.

 

(f) Exception: Portable fire extinguishers shall not be required for seasonal summer units. For purposes of applying this exception, “seasonal summer unit” shall mean a dwelling unit rented for a term of not more than 125 consecutive days for residential purposes by a person having a permanent residence elsewhere, but shall not include use or rental of living quarters by migrant, temporary or seasonal workers in connection with any work or place where work is being performed.

CERTIFICATES ARE GOOD FOR 6 MONTHS FROM DATE OF ISSUE


Last updated - December 2011